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2017年专升本英语练习完形填空与阅读

时间:2017-09-22    点击: 次    发布者:佚名 - 小 + 大

一、Cloze (20 points)Directions: For each blank in the following passage, there are four choices marked A, B, C and D.Choose the one that is most suitable and mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on ANSWER SHEET Ⅰ.

It was a quarter past nine as Marie hurried into the office building where she was going to work.Her bus moved slowly along through __________1 morning traffic, making her a few minutes late for her very first job.She decided to start out half an hour earlier the next day.

Once inside the hall she had to stand at the elevators and wait several minutes__________2 she could get on one to go to the sixth floor.When she finally reached the office marked “King Enterprises,” she knocked at the door nervously and waited.There was no answer.She knocked again, but still there was no reply.__________3 inside the next office, she could hear the sound of voices, so she opened the door and went in.

Although she was sure it was the same office she had been in two weeks before when she had had the interview with Mr.King, it looked quite different now.In fact, it __________4looked like an office at all.The employees were just standing around __________5.At the far end of the room, somebody__________6 have just told a good joke, she thought, because there was a loud burst of laughter as she came in.For a moment she had thought they were laughing at her.

Then one of the men looked at his watch, __________7 his hands and said something to the others.Quickly they all went to their desks and, in a matter of seconds, everyone was hard at work.No one paid any attention to Marie.Finally she went up to the man who was sitting at the desk nearest to the door and explained that this was her first day in the office.Hardly __________8from his work, he told her to have a seat and wait for Mr.King, who would arrive __________9.Then Marie realized that the day’s work in the office began just before Mr.King arrived.Later she found out that he lived in Connecticut and came into Manhattan on the __________10 train every morning, arriving in the office at 9∶35 a.m., so that his staff knew exactly when to start working.

1题 请选择最佳答案()

A. light

B. heavy

C. strong

D. serious

2题 请选择最佳答案()

A. since

B. until

C. after

D. before

3题 请选择最佳答案()

A. From

B. Through

C. At

D. Over

4题 请选择最佳答案()

A. much

B. somewhat

C. hardly

D. roughly

 

5题 请选择最佳答案()

A. chatting and smoked

B. chatting and smoking

C. chatted and smoking

D. chatted and smoked

6题 请选择最佳答案()

A. should

B. could

C. might

D. must

7题 请选择最佳答案()

A. clapped

B. touched

C. felt

D. shook

8题 请选择最佳答案()

A. looking up

B. looking for

C. looking down

D. looking out

9题 请选择最佳答案()

A. at one moment

B. at the last moment

C. at the moment

D. at any moment

10题 请选择最佳答案()

A. busy

B. long

C. same

D. empty

二、Reading Comprehension (60 points)Directions: There are four reading passages in this part.Each passage is followed by five questions.For each question there are four suggested answers marked A, B, C and D.Choose one best answer and blacken the corresponding letter on ANSWER SHEET Ⅰ.

Passage One

It was a case of emergency.The four?year?old girl awoke and smelled smoke.She couldn’t wake her mother, so she dialed “zero.” An operator immediately called the fire department.Help was sent, and a tragedy avoided.

Days before this emergency, the mother had taught her child how to telephone for help.Children as young as two and one?half years old can be taught to use the phone in emergency situations.Here are some points.

?Memorizing certain facts is important.Teach your children their names, and the section of town where you live.Try to keep what they learn within their abilities.Simple information, learned well, is better than difficult information only partly learned.

?Be sure your children know how to use the telephone.They should be taught to dial “zero” for the operator, at the very least.And they should be taught to dial “911” if it is used in your town.

?Practise over a period of several days.Over?learning is necessary so the child can act automatically in case of emergency.

?If you would like a booklet giving instructions on calling for help, write Telephone For Help, Box 99, Bowling Green Station, New York, NY 10004.

11 From this passage, why is it a good idea for children to learn how to use the telephone?

A. Children have fun dialing.

B. Emergencies happen without warning.

C. Children can wake their parents.

D. Dialing can help children with their math study.

12 Based on this passage, over?learning is good because.

A. simple information is used

B. children should know their names

C. it helps children act automatically

D. difficult information is only partly learned

13 Paragraph 4 talks about dialing “911”.This number is probably.

A. the operator

B. an emergency number

C. a practice number for children

D. used to keep children calm

14 One thing the passage does NOT tell you to do is.

A. call your neighbor

B. practise several times

C. teach children how to use the telephone

D. have children memorize some simple facts

15 What is the main idea of the passage?

A. Give instructions on calling for help.

B. Partly?learned information is useless.

C. Teach children how to deal with emergencies.

D. Keep what children learn within their abilities.

Passage Two

I was only eight years old when the Second World War ended, but I can still remember something about the victory celebrations in the small town where I lived on the day when the war in Europe ended.We had not suffered much from the war there.But both at home and at school I had become accustomed to the phrases “before the war” and “when the war is over”.“Before the war”, apparently, things had been better, though I was too young to understand why, except that there had been no bombs then, and people had eaten things like ice?cream and bananas, which I had only heard of.When the war was over we would go back to London, but this meant little to me.I did not remember what London was like.

What I remember now about VE (Victory in Europe) Day was the May evening.After dinner I said I wanted to see the bonfire (大火堆) so when it got dark my father took me to the end of the street.The bonfire was very high, and somehow people had collected some old clothes to dress the unmistakable figure with the moustache (胡子) they had to put on top of it.Just as we arrived, they set light to it.The flames rose and soon swallowed the “guy”.Everyone was cheering and shouting, and an old woman came out of her house with two chairs and threw them on the fire to keep it going.

I stood beside my father until the fire started to go down, not knowing what to say.He said nothing, either.He had fought in the First World War and may have been remembering the end of that.At last he said, “Well, that’s it, son.Let’s hope that this time it really will be the last one.”

16 Where did the author live before the Second World War?

A. In London.

B. In a small town.

C. In Europe.

D. In the countryside.

17 What kind of food had the author certainly not stated during the war?

A. Bread.

B. Butter.

C. Meat.

D. Ice?cream and bananas.

18 The unmistakable figure with the moustache most probably represents.

A. those who died in the war

B. those who had won

C. an imaginary figure

D. the most hated person in the war — Hitler

19 Which of the following statements is true?

A. The author’s father built a bonfire on VE Day.

B. The author’s father had fought in the First World War.

C. The author’s father had fought in the Second World War.

D. The author’s father threw two chairs on the fire to keep it going.

20 By saying “Let’s hope that this time it really will be the last one”, the father meant that.

A. he wished people had not build the bonfire

B. he hoped people would not build any more bonfires

C. he hoped there would be no more wars in the world

D. he wished the Second World War had not happened

Passage Three

At the first sight the planet Mars does not appear very welcome to any kind of life.It has very little oxygen and water, the temperature at night is below ?50℃ and winds of 100 miles per hour cause severe dust storms.However, the surface of the planet seems to show that water flowed across it some time in the past, and it is believed that there is enough ice at the poles to cover the planet with water if it melts.Although there is no life on the Mars now, some scientists think that there may have been some form of life long time ago.At that time, the planet had active volcanoes; the atmosphere was thicker and warmer; and there was water.In fact, in some ways the Mars may have been similar to the Earth, where life exists.

Some people believe that the Mars could support life in the future if the right conditions were produced.The first step would be to warm the planet using certain gases which trap the Sun’s heat in the planet’s atmosphere.With warmth, water and carbon dioxide(二氧化碳) simple plants could begin to grow.These plants could slowly make the Mars more suitable for living.It is estimated that the whole process might take between 100,000 and 200,000 years.In the meantime, people could begin to live on the planet in special closed environments.They would provide a lot of useful information about conditions on the Mars and the problems connected with living there.

21 Some scientists think there may have been life on the Mars in the past because.

A. there is no life there now

B. there is a large amount of water at the poles

C. the Mars may be able to support life in the future

D. conditions may have been similar to those on the Earth

22 There could be life on the Mars in the future if.

A. it supported life in the past

B. certain gases are used to cool the planet

C. the atmosphere can be heated enough to grow simple plants

D. the planet’s volcanoes become as active as they were in the past

23 People may be able to live on the Mars.

A. within the next 200,000 years

B. only 200,000 years from now

C. only 150,000 years from now

D. as soon as the planet becomes cool enough

24 The author’s attitude towards the possibility of life on the Mars in the future is.

A. doubtful

B. positive

C. negative

D. uninterested

25 Which is the best title for this passage?

A. The Possibility of Life on the Mars.

B. Future Conditions on the Mars.

C. The Mars and the Earth.

D. A Study of the Climate of the Mars.

Passage Four

It is physically impossible for a well?educated intellectual, or a brave man to make money the chief object of his thoughts; as physically impossible as it is for him to make his dinner the principal object of them.All healthy people like their dinner, but their dinner is not the main object of their lives.So all healthy?minded people like making money—ought to like it and to enjoy the satisfaction of winning it; but the main object of their lives is not money; it is something better than money.

A good soldier, for instance, mainly wishes to do his fighting well.He is glad of his pay—very properly so, and just complains when you keep him ten months without it; still, his main opinion of life is to win battles, not to be paid for winning them.

So of doctors.They like fees no doubt—ought to like them; yet if they are brave and well educated, the entire object of their lives is not fees.They would rather cure their patients and lose their fees than kill him and get it.And so with all other brave and rightly trained men; their work is first, their fees second, very important always, but still second.

26 The main idea of this passage is that.

A. money matters more than work

B. money is not necessary at all

C. money is as important as work

D. money comes second to work in importance

27 The passage implies that healthy?minded people best enjoy.

A. the happiness of accomplishing their work

B. the satisfaction of making money

C. the pleasure of having their dinner

D. the fun of fighting battles

28 According to the author, a good soldier.

A. dislikes his pay

B. ignores his pay

C. ignores his pay

D. doesn’t complain when kept without pay for months

29 The author believes that a good doctor.

A. makes money the entire object of his life

B. places curing his patient above all

C. doesn’t like making money

D. enjoys his work only

30 Which of the following is the chief technique used by the author to support his argument?

A. Sharp contrast.

B. Logical reasoning.

C. Detailed description.

D. Illustration with examples.

 

 

参考答案:

一、1-5BDACB

6-10DAADC

 

二、11-15BCBAC

16-20ADDBC

21-25DCABA

26-30DACBD

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