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2017年高起专英语练习完形填空与阅读

时间:2017-09-22    点击: 次    发布者:佚名 - 小 + 大

一、完型填空

1题单选通读下面的短文,掌握其大意。然后,从四个选择项中选出可填入相应空白处的最佳选项。

I once went to a town in the north of England on business.

It was about 730 in the evening when I reached the hotel. The manageress,a strict old lady of about 60,showed me to my room. When I asked her what time dinner was,she said there was only one sitting at 630,and I had 1__________it.

Never mind,I said.I'm not very 2__________. I'll just have a drink in the bar(酒吧)and a sandwich.

Bar!she 3__________her voice.This is a respectable hotel,young man. If you want 4__________,you must go somewhere else.She spoke 5__________a glass of beer was a dangerous drug.

I went to a bar and had some beer and sandwiches and then went to the cinema. At about 1130 I 6__________. Everything was in darkness. I knocked at the door,but nothing happened.The 7__________sound was the church clock opposite,which suddenly struck the half-hour with such 8__________that it made me jump. 9__________a window opened upstairs. The old lady 10__________and asked me what was going on. I explained who I was and she let me 11__________after ten minutes'wait. She was in her nightdress. She told me seriously that guests were 12__________to be back in the hotel by 11 o'clock.

I went to bed but could not sleep. Every quarter of an hour the church clock struck and at midnight the whole hotel shook with the noise. Just before dawn,I finally 13__________.

When I arrived at 14__________,everyone else had nearly 15__________and there was not enough coffee to go round.

Did you 16__________well,young man?the old lady asked.

17__________,I don't think I could go through 18__________night in that room,I replied.I hardly slept at all.

That's because you were 19__________all night drinking!she said angrily,putting 20__________to the conversation.

1题单选请选择最佳选项( )

A.had

B.passed

C.missed

D.caught

2题单选请选择最佳选项( )

A.hungry

B.sleepy

C.tired

D.happy

3题单选请选择最佳选项( )

A.lost

B.lowered

C.dropped

D.raised

4题单选请选择最佳选项( )

A.beer

B.coffee

C.milk

D.tea

5题单选请选择最佳选项( )

A.even if

B.since

C.although

D.as if

6题单选请选择最佳选项( )

A.went to bed

B.walked to a club

C.returned to the hotel

D.drove to a restaurant

7题单选请选择最佳选项( )

A.only

B.sharp

C.sweet

D.last

8题单选请选择最佳选项( )

A.effort

B.force

C.power

D.attraction

9题单选请选择最佳选项( )

A.Firstly

B.Wonderfully

C.Unfortunately

D.Finally

10题单选请选择最佳选项( )

A.came out

B.got up

C.looked out

D.woke up

11题单选请选择最佳选项( )

A.down

B.out

C.back

D.in

12题单选请选择最佳选项( )

A.ordered

B.expected

C.taught

D.encouraged

13题单选请选择最佳选项( )

A.fell asleep

B.went to bed

C.got up

D.gave in

14题单选请选择最佳选项( )

A.a decision

B.breakfast

C.once

D.the office

15题单选请选择最佳选项( )

A.arrived

B.done

C.finished

D.started

16题单选请选择最佳选项( )

A.play

B.sleep

C.eat

D.do

17题单选请选择最佳选项( )

A.First of all

B.Never mind

C.To tell you the truth

D.As a result

18题单选请选择最佳选项( )

A.one

B.another

C.such

D.any

19题单选请选择最佳选项( )

A.away

B.here

C.down

D.up

20题单选请选择最佳选项( )

A.an end

B.a saying

C.a joke

D.a pause

 

二、阅读理解

阅读下列短文,然后根据短文的内容从四个选择项中选出最佳的一项。

A

There was a river with a small town on either side of it. The towns were linked by a bridge.

One daya hole appeared in the bridge. Both towns agreed that the hole should be mended. Howeverdisagreement came up as to who should mend it. Each town thought that it had a better reason for the other to mend the hole. The town on the right bank said that it was at the end of the roadso the left-bank town should mend the hole. The town on the left bankon the other handinsisted that all the traffic came to the right-bank townso it was in their interest to mend the bridge.

The quarrel went on and onand so did the hole. The more it went onthe more the hostility between the two towns grew.

One day a man fell into the hole and broke his leg. People from both towns questioned him closely about whether he was walking from the right bank to the left or from the left bank to the rightin order to decide which town should be blamed for the accident. But he could not remembersince he got drunk that night.

Some time latera car was crossing the bridge and broke an axle()because of the hole. Neither town paid any attention to the accidentas the traveler was not going from one to the otherbut was merely passing through. The angry traveler got out of the car and asked why the hole was not mended.

On hearing the reasonhe declared,“I'll buy this hole. Whos the owner?

Both towns at once declared that they owned the hole.

One or the otherwhoever owns the hole must prove it.

How shall we prove it?asked both sides.

That's simple. Only the owner of the hole has the right to mend it. Ill buy the hole from whoever mends the bridge.

People from both towns rushed to do the job while the traveler smoked a cigar and his driver changed the axle. They mended the bridge in no time and asked for the money for the hole.

What hole?The traveler looked surprised.I can't see any hole. Ive been looking for a hole for several years now. I'm prepared to pay a good price for itbut theres no hole here. Are you pulling my leg or what?

He got into his car and drove off.

21题单选 What did the two towns quarrel about?

A.Which of them should mend the hol

B.Whether the hole should be mende

C.Why there was a hole in the bridg

D.When they should mend the hol

22题单选 The man who had fallen into the hole failed to answer any questions because he ______.

A.had one of his legs broken

B.was busy changing the axle

C.had drunk too much wine

D.was afraid to blame anybody

23题单选 Both towns rushed to mend the hole in order to prove that ______.

A.they owned the whole bridge

B.they had the right to sell the hole

C.they were able to mend the hole

D.they could afford to mend the hole

24题单选 InAre you pulling my leg or what?,the phrase pulling my leg refers to ______.

A.trying to stop me

B.laughing at me

C.putting me in trouble

D.making fun of me

阅读下列短文,然后根据短文的内容从四个选择项中选出最佳的一项。

B

Scientists have searched for many years for a method to tell whether a volcano(火山)explosion will be small or large. Nowfour scientists say they have discovered something in lava(熔岩)that will help do this. They did the research on Mount Unzen on the southern Japanese island of Kyushu.

Mount Unzen exploded in November1990. Since thenmore explosions have killed 43 people and destroyed the homes of more than 2000 others. The volcano is still active today.

The scientists say the lava of the volcano contains high level of an element(成份)which is a sign of the presence of the lava from deep in the earthnot from the surface. They say it shows that the lava coming directly from inside the earth is connected with huge explosions instead of smaller ones.

The scientists examined the lava from 18 explosions of Mount Unzen that took place during many thousands of years. They also studied the lava from other volcanoes in the area that are older than Mount Unzen. The lava studied came from both large and small explosions. The scientists found that large explosions contained more of the element than small ones. The scientists say if they had known this two years earlierthey could have warned the people living in the area near Mount Unzen and saved many lives.

25题单选 From the passage we learn that Mount Unzen is the name of ______.

A.a huge volcano explosion

B.a Japanese island

C.an active volcano

D.a kind of lava

26题单选 The four scientists discovered that the level of the element contained in the lava could tell ______.

A.the degree of a volcano explosion

B.the place of a possible explosion

C.the number of volcano explosions

D.the time of a possible explosion

27题单选 The research of the four scientists was based on ______.

A.the lava that caused explosions

B.the presence of the lava from the surface

C.the damages caused by the 1990 explosion

D.the lava from different explosions in the area

阅读下列短文,然后根据短文的内容从四个选择项中选出最佳的一项。

C

Have you ever argued with your loved ones over simple misunderstandings(误解)?Little wonder. We often believe we're more skillful in getting our point across than we actually areaccording to Boza Keysara professor at the University of Chicago. In his recent studyspeakers tried to express their meanings using unclear sentences. Speakers who thought listeners understood were wrong nearly half the time. Heres some good advice to reduce misunderstanding

(1)Don't trust what you see from the listener. Listeners often nodlook at you or sayuhhuhto be polite or move the conversation along. But its easy to consider these as signs of understanding.

(2)Train the editor(编辑)in your head. If you say,“Beth discusses her problems with her husband,”it's not clear whether shes talking to her husband or about him. Try instead,“Beth talks to her husband about her problems.orBeth  talks to others about the problems with her husband.

(3)Ask listeners to repeat your message. Introduce your request by sayingI want to be sure I said that right.Questions likeHow does that sound?orDoes that make sense?may also work.

(4)Listen well. When on the receiving endask questions to be sure you're on the same page. After allit isnt just the speaker's job to make his speech understood.

28题单选 Why does the writer give us the advice?

A.We're not skillful enough to make clear sentence

B.Misunderstanding is damaging our normal live

C.Misunderstanding occurs now and the

D.It's impolite to say NO to other

29题单选 The writer suggests that when talking to others,the speaker should ______.

A.know that listeners will show him that they understand his words

B.express himself clearly even when he sees signs of understanding

C.notice listener's signs of understanding

D.look directly into his listener's eyes

30题单选 By Train the editor in your head,the speakers are advised _______.

A.to get themselves trained by a good editor

B.to discuss problems with their husbands or wives

C.to express themselves in long but simple sentences

D.to make sure each sentence has only one meaning

31题单选 In the last paragraph,the words you're on the same page mean that ______.

A.you're following the speakers closely

B.you're reading the same page as the speaker does

C.you should know which page the speaker refers to

D.your story is written on the same page as the speaker's

阅读下列短文,然后根据短文的内容从四个选择项中选出最佳的一项。

D

While acting may run in the family,it wasn't Angelina Jolie's only choice when thinking about her future. Although Jolie has studied her craft(技艺)since childhood,at one point the 26-year-old,who stars this month in Tomb Raider with her father,actor John Voight,wanted to be a funeral(殡葬)director.I thought that the crossing over could be a beautiful thing and a time of comfort when people could reach out to each other.

Tradition(传统)is always attractive and interesting to Jolie,who moved with her mother,Marcheline Bertand,and brother after her parents separated when she was two.I never had one home. I never had an attic(阁楼)that had old things in it. We always moved,so I was never rooted anywhere. And I always dreamed of having that attic of things that I could go back and have a look. I'm very drawn to some things that are tradition,that are roots,and I think that may be why I paid such special attention to funerals.

Finally,she chose acting.Following in my father's footsteps,she says,is an interesting thing,because I think we speak to each other through our work. You don't really know your parents in a certain way,and they don't really know you. So he can watch a film and see how I am as a woman,the way Im dealing with a husband who's been hurt,or the way I'm crying alone.

And it's the same for meI can watch films of his and just see who he is. I've learned to understand him as a person.

32题单选 The passage is about a woman who _______.

A.was once a funeral director

B.is the leading actress in Tomb Raider

C.wants an attic to live in

D.was hurt by her husband

33题单选 Which of the following can best support Tradition is always attractive and interesting to Jolie?

A.Jolie longed to have old things from her childhoo

B.Having more than one home is always interesting to Joli

C.Jolie's parents separated when she was very youn

D.Tradition is always rooted somewher

34题单选 The words Following in my father's footsteps most probably mean ______.

A.listening to my father's advice

B.taking my father as an example

C.walking after my father

D.looking for my father's footsteps

35题单选 Angelina Jolie finally chose acting because she thought she and her father could _______.

A.work together several months a year

B.bring into memory what happened in the past

C.pay attention to things they are interested in

D.get to know each other through their films

 

参考答案:

一、1-5CADAD

6-10:CABDC

11-15:DBABC

16-20:BCBDA

 

二、21-24ACDB

25-27:CAD

28-31:CBDA

32-35:BABD

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