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2017年专升本英语练习语音词汇与语法

时间:2017-09-22    点击: 次    发布者:佚名 - 小 + 大

一、Phonetics(10 points)?Directions:In each of the following groups of words,there are four underlined letters or letter combinations marked A,B,C and D. Compare the underlined parts and ?identify? the one that is different from the others in pronunciation. Mark your answer by blackening the corresponding letter on the answer sheet.

1题 选出下面读音不同的选项()

A. castle

B. listen

C. soften

D. costly

:  第2题 选出下面读音不同的选项()

A. sweat

B. wheat

C. meat

D. neatly

3题 选出下面读音不同的选项()

A. shoot

B. blood

C. roof

D. tool

4题 选出下面读音不同的选项()

A. accept

B. receipt

C. camp

D. empty

5题 选出下面读音不同的选项()

A. exact

B. taxi

C. except

D. exercise

6题 选出下面读音不同的选项()

A. weight

B. eight

C. height

D. neighbor

7题 选出下面读音不同的选项()

A. literature

B. mature

C. nature

D. feature

8题 选出下面读音不同的选项()

A. four

B. course

C. source

D. pour

9题 选出下面读音不同的选项()

A. encounter

B. fountain

C. background

D. countryside

10题 选出下面读音不同的选项()

A. entertain

B. obtain

C. certain

D. contain

二、Vocabulary and Structure (40 points)?Directions: There are 40 incomplete sentences in this section.For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D.Choose one answer that best completes the sentence and blacken the corresponding letter on ANSWER SHEET Ⅰ.

11 Be careful, because that knife is very__________.

A. fast

B. hard

C. quick

D. sharp

12 “I missed the train home last night.”

“So__________ .”

A. have I

B. I have

C. did I

D. I did

13 Why did they refuse to take your suggestion__________account

A. in

B. into

C. for

D. under

14 A completely new situation will __________when the examination system comes into existence.

A. arise

B. rise

C. raise

D. arouse

15 My English teacher__________ me to try for a position at university.

A. insisted

B. persisted

C. encouraged

D. proposed

16 There was a loud crash as the door broke, and __________in the police.

A. did come

B. came

C. have come

D. they came

17 It was__________ that a hundred people looked lost in it.

A. so a large room

B. a so large room

C. such a large room

D. such large a room

18 There is no easy __________to the problem.

A. result

B. consequence

C. solution

D. reason

19 With the help of the foreign experts, the factory produced__________ cars in 2001 as the year before.

A. as twice many

B. as many as twice

C. as twice as many

D. twice as many

20 “When can we come to visit you?”

“Any time you feel__________ .”

A. like it

B. for it

C. to

D. so

21 He came here __________for making more money__________ for working with you.

A. not...yet

B. notbecauseof...but

C. not...but

D. except...but

22 He came to the party, __________he hadn’t been invited.

A. in case

B. in spite of

C. even

D. although

23 “I’d like to buy a digital camera.”

“Well, we have several models__________.”

A. to choose from

B. of choice

C. to be chosen

D. for choosing

24 She was so__________ in her job that she didn’t hear the phone ring.

A. attracted

B. absorbed

C. drawn

D. concentrated

25 No sooner had he sat down to lunch __________there was a knock at the door.

A. when

B. that

C. as

D. than

26The clock__________ and we realized it was two o’clock.

A. hit

B. struck

C. turned

D. rang

27 __________we are determined to learn it well.

A. No matter how English is difficult

B. However difficult English is

C. No matter English may be difficult or not

D. However English is difficult

28 When there are small children around, it is necessary to put bottles of pills out of__________.

A. hold

B. reach

C. place

D. hand

29 He offered to__________ her a hand, for the suitcase was too heavy for her to carry.

A. help

B. show

C. lend

D. borrow

30 They did excellent work;__________ , they deserve to be praised.

A. therefore

B. but

C. however

D. still

31 “Do you have to leave?”

“Sorry, but I really__________ .”

A. have

B. had to

C. do so

D. must

32 I like black coffee so much, the stronger it is,__________ .

A. I like it better

B. the more I like

C. the better I like it

D. I like it more

33 That was the second time I __________China that year.

A. have visited

B. had visited

C. would visit

D. was visiting

34 “We’re late.The play has started.”

“I wonder how long ago__________.”

A. did it begin

B. it began

C. was it beginning

D. it has begun

35 The medicine is on sale everywhere, you can get it at __________chemist’s.

A. both

B. some

C. certain

D. any

36 “Shall I help you with the washing-up?”

“Don’t__________.I’ll do it later.”

A. trouble

B. bother

C. worry

D. disturb

37 He was determined to __________the cause of the food spoilage.

A. find out

B. figure out

C. look after

D. turn back

38 His car broke down when he was only__________ home.

A. a half way

B. half a way

C. half way

D. half way to

39 It was his doctor who advised that he__________ his job.

A. changed

B. change

C. would change

D. had changed

40 Excuse me, but it is time to have your temperature__________ .

A. taken

B. taking

C. took

D. take

41 They don’t__________ students run in the corridors.

A. allow

B. permit

C. accept

D. let

42 The daily news reported that 305 people__________ with SARS in Guangdong Province.

A. has become infected

B. has become infecting

C. had become infected

D. had become infecting

43 The old couple decided to __________a boy and a girl though they had three of their own.

A. adapt

B. receive

C. bring

D. adopt

44 How many countries will__________ in the 2008 Olympic Games

A. participate

B. play

C. take

D. have

45 I can hardly stand __________a piano__________ so badly.

A. hearing...being played

B. hearing...playing

C. to hear...playing

D. to hear...play

46 __________the workers continued their work in the open.

A. Heavy as was the rain

B. As the rain was heavy

C. As heavy was the rain

D. Heavy as the rain was

47 __________does Mr.Robinson go to London on business

A. How many

B. How long

C. How often

D. How usually

48 Doctors say drinking water will help the pain __________after the body has the right amounts of water and salt.

A. disappear

B. disappearing

C. disappeared

D. disappears

49 When a fire__________ at the National Exhibition in London, at least ten priceless paintings were completely destroyed.

A. broke off

B. broke out

C. broke down

D. broke up

50 __________a big stone on the road, the truck stopped.

A. Seeing

B. Having seen

C. Seen

D. The driver seeing

 

 

参考答案

一、1-5DABBA

6-10CBDDC

 

二、11:  【正确答案】D

【解析】fastquick是同义词,意为迅速的,快的”;hard意为坚硬的,坚实的”;sharp意为锋利的,锐利的D项为正确答案。

12: 【正确答案】C

【答案解析】昨天晚上我错过了回家的火车。”“我也一样错过了。” ?考点?句法结构中倒装句的使用。

13: 【正确答案】B

【解析】考生若能熟悉常用词组take... into account (……考虑进去)的意思和用法,本题就能迎刃而解了。

14: 【正确答案】A

【解析】A.arise (vi.)出现,发生;B.rise (vi.)上升,增高;C.raise (vt.)增加,举起; D.arouse (vt.)唤醒,引起。也可根据句法结构判定谓语应选择不及物动词,同时考虑词义的方法来解题。

15:【正确答案】C

【解析】encourage someone to do something是一常用句型,意为鼓励某人做某事,如:We encouraged him to go to university.我们鼓励他上大学。

16:【正确答案】B

【解析】以inout away, up等表示处所、方向的副词开头的句子中,主谓语要倒装,如:Up went the rocket in the air.火箭直冲云天。

17:【正确答案】C

【解析】考生对这两种句型较为熟悉,须提及的是:在so...that句型中,so后面跟形容词或其他副词,而在such...that句型中,such后跟名词,名词是中心词,它的前面可以由冠词或形容词来修饰。

18:【正确答案】C

【解析】A.result结果,成果; B.consequence结果,后果; C.solution解答,答案; D.reason理由,原因。以上是四个名词的词义辨析,另外从词语搭配上也可以认定C项为正确答案,只有solution to是固定搭配,而其他三个词的搭配是of, for等。

19:【正确答案】D

【解析】表示几倍于……”,用“twice/ three times+as...as”结构。

20:【正确答案】A

【解析】本题的关键在于掌握词语搭配feel like, 其意为感到想要做,其用法为“feel like something”“feel like doing something”,如:Do you feel like a drink? 你想喝杯饮料吗?I feel like dancing today.我今天想去跳舞。

21:【正确答案】C

【解析】考生只要理解了题干的意思,就很容易选择not...but(不是……而是)作为正确答案。

22:【正确答案】D

【解析】从句法结构来看,引导状语从句的应是连接词,可以排除BC选项,而Ain case意为假使,以防万一,和题义不符,只有Dalthough(尽管)符合题义。

23:【正确答案】A

【解析】动词不定式作定语时,它和它修饰的词有时在意义上是动宾关系,又加之不定式是不及物动词,其后要跟必要的介词。在本句中choose是不及物动词(做出选择),作定语时要用to choose from.

24:  【正确答案】B

【解析】无论从词语搭配的角度来看:attracted to; absorbed in; drawn into; concentrated on ; 还是从意义上来看:be absorbed in(全神贯注),均可判定B项为正确答案。

25: 【正确答案】D

【解析】no sooner... than (刚一……)是一常用句型。在表示否定的词与词组放在句首作状语时要用倒装语序,考生应熟悉这种结构。

26:【正确答案】B

【解析】 A.hit打,击中; B.struck()敲响报时; C.turned转动,变成; D.rang(),按(),其主语是人,如:He rang the church bells.他敲响了教堂的钟声。

27:【正确答案】B

【解析】however=no matter how(不管如何),后跟形容词或副词,是一表示让步状语从句的常用句型,如:She always goes swimming, however cold it is.不论天气多么寒冷,她都坚持去游泳。

28:【正确答案】B

【解析】选项中的四个词都是名词,其意思是: A.hold控制,约束; B.reach能达到的范围; C.place地点,场所(out of place 不在适当位置的意思); D.hand手,人手。

29:【正确答案】C

【解析】首先要弄懂词组a hand=some help(一些帮助),其搭配一般是:lend a handlend someone a hand,意为帮助,帮忙。如:Please lend me a hand with this heavy box.请帮我搬一下这只重箱子。

30:【正确答案】A

【解析】考生只要读懂题干的意思,就能选出A项为正确答案,therefore(因此,所以)满足本题逻辑和意义上的要求。

31: 【正确答案】D

【解析】英语的日常交际用语是一种惯常表达,考生应在复习过程中注意其表达方式。本题中must等于have to (必须)

32:【正确答案】C

【答案解析】 [翻译]我喜欢喝浓咖啡,咖啡愈浓,我愈喜欢喝。 ?考点?常用句型“the more... the more...”。 【解析】“the more... the more...”句型表示()……,越()……”。如:the more, the better.越多越好。

33:【正确答案】B

【解析】从题干的意思可以直接判定谓语动词的时态用过去完成时。主句为过去时,从句为过去完成时。

34:【正确答案】B

【解析】根据宾语从句是陈述句语序的结构,可首先把A项和C项排除;再根据时态的要求,有副词ago的情况下,要用过去时,可排除D项,所以B为正确选项。

35:【正确答案】D

【解析】本句的关键词是everywhere(到处,处处),和其匹配的词是anyany可以用在肯定句中表示任何的,如:Please give me a book, any book will do.请给我一本书,任何书都行。

36:【正确答案】B

【解析】日常交际用语是一种习惯的表达,通过语言情境表达意思很重要。本句问话是想提供帮助,应答语“Don’t bother”就等于“Don’t bother about the washing-up.”(碗碟不用洗了。)这一表达既是惯常的口语,又很礼貌得体。

37:【正确答案】A

【解析】A.find out 查明,找到; B.figure out 计算出,估计; C.look after照料,照顾; D.turn back 返回,折回。

38: 【正确答案】C

【解析】half way 等同于half?way,意为在中途,在半路上

39: 【正确答案】B

【解析】在表示建议、要求或命令等意义的动词的宾语从句中,其谓语用虚拟语气“should+动词原形的形式,而且should往往可以省略。

40:【正确答案】A

【解析】过去分词作宾语补足语是表被动的、完成的,本句中have your temperature taken(量体温)have my hair cut(去理发)的结构是相同的。

41: 【正确答案】D

【解析】动词不定式在使役动词(let, have, make, please)和感觉动词(see, watch, hear, feel, notice)后作宾语补足语时,要省略不定式的标记to。只有Dlet符合这一要求,所以D项为正确答案。

42: 【正确答案】C

【解析】主句中谓语动词用过去式,从句中的谓语动词应和主句时态相一致,用过去完成式。

43:【正确答案】D

【解析】A.adapt:使适应,改写; B.receive:接收,收到; C.bring;带来,引起; D.adopt: 收养,采取。

44:【正确答案】A

【解析】弄懂题干的意思,显然Aparticipate(参加,参与)最符合题目的要求。

45:【正确答案】A

【解析】I can hardly stand后面应是状语结构,应从AB选项中选择。钢琴的演奏是被动的,应选择A项为正确答案。

46:【正确答案】D

【解析】本句中让步状语从句的表语部分提到句首,形成部分倒装句,以表示强调,如Late as it was, we continued the experiment.尽管时间不早了,我们仍然继续做实验。

47:【正确答案】C

【解析】A.How many多少(一般后跟名词); B.How long多长时间(指连续时间,常用在完成时中); C.How often隔多久一次(指间隔时间,常用在一般时态中); D.How usually一般没有这种搭配。

48:  【正确答案】A

【解析】根据语法规则:在help后面动词不定式作宾语补足语时,可以省略to, 也可以不省略,可判定Adisappear为正确答案。

49:【正确答案】B

【解析】A.break off折断,断开; B.break out发生,爆发; C.break down击倒,失败; D.break up打碎,结束。

50:【正确答案】D

【解析】有时分词或分词短语作状语时,可以带自己的动作主体,一般用名词或代词表示,放在分词前面,这种结构就是分词独立结构。例如:Time permitting, they will start to do a new job.(独立结构作条件状语)The experiment finished, we left the lab and went home.(独立结构作时间状语)

 


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